Your browser does not support JavaScript!

PAD-US Metadata

Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US)

Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: US Geological Survey (USGS) Gap Analysis Program (GAP)
Publication_Date: 20160505
Publication_Time: Unknown
Title: Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US)
Edition: 1.4
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: PAD-US
Issue_Identification: Version 1.4

Publication_Information:

Publication_Place: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/
Publisher: USGS Gap Analysis Program (GAP)

Online_Linkage: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/PADUS
Online_Linkage: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/
Online_Linkage: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7G73BSZ

Larger_Work_Citation:

Citation_Information:
Originator: USGS National Gap Analysis Program
Publication_Date: 20160505
Publication_Time: Unknown
Title: Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US)
Edition: 1.4
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: document
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/
Publisher: USGS National Gap Analysis Program

Online_Linkage: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/PADUS/

Description:

Abstract:

The USGS Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US) is the nation’s inventory of protected areas, including public open space and voluntarily provided, private protected areas, identified as an A-16 National Geospatial Data Asset in the Cadastral Theme (https://www.fgdc.gov/ngda-reports/NGDA_Datasets.html). PAD-US is an ongoing project with several published versions of a spatial database of areas dedicated to the preservation of biological diversity, and other natural, recreational or cultural uses, managed for these purposes through legal or other effective means. The geodatabase maps and describes public open space and other protected areas. Most areas are public lands owned in fee; however, long-term easements, leases, and agreements or administrative designations documented in agency management plans may be included. The PAD-US database strives to be a complete “best available” inventory of protected areas (lands and waters) including data provided by managing agencies and organizations. The dataset is built in collaboration with several partners and data providers (https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/stewards/). See Supplemental Information Section of this metadata record for more information on partnerships and links to major partner organizations. As this dataset is a compilation of many data sets; data completeness, accuracy, and scale may vary. Federal and state data are generally complete, while local government and private protected area coverage is about 50% complete, and depends on data management capacity in the state. For completeness estimates by state: http://www.protectedlands.net/partners. As the federal and state data are reasonably complete; focus is shifting to completing the inventory of local gov and voluntarily provided, private protected areas.
The PAD-US geodatabase contains over twenty-five attributes and four feature classes to support data management, queries, web mapping services and analyses: Marine Protected Areas (MPA), Fee, Easements and Combined. The data contained in the MPA Feature class are provided directly by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Marine Protected Areas Center (MPA, https://marineprotectedareas.noaa.gov ) tracking the National Marine Protected Areas System. The Easements feature class contains data provided directly from the National Conservation Easement Database (NCED, http://conservationeasement.us ) The MPA and Easement feature classes contain some attributes unique to the sole source databases tracking them (e.g. Easement Holder Name from NCED, Protection Level from NOAA MPA Inventory). The "Combined" feature class integrates all fee, easement and MPA features as the best available national inventory of protected areas in the standard PAD-US framework.
In addition to geographic boundaries, PAD-US describes the protection mechanism category (e.g. fee, easement, designation, other), owner and managing agency, designation type, unit name, area, public access and state name in a suite of standardized fields. An informative set of references (i.e. Aggregator Source, GIS Source, GIS Source Date) and "local" or source data fields provide a transparent link between standardized PAD-US fields and information from authoritative data sources. The areas in PAD-US are also assigned conservation measures that assess management intent to permanently protect biological diversity: the nationally relevant "GAP Status Code" and global "IUCN Category" standard.
A wealth of attributes facilitates a wide variety of data analyses and creates a context for data to be used at local, regional, state, national and international scales. More information about specific updates and changes to this PAD-US version can be found in the Data Quality Information section of this metadata record as well as on the PAD-US website, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/history/.)
Due to the completeness and complexity of these data, it is highly recommended to review the Supplemental Information Section of the metadata record as well as the Data Use Constraints, to better understand data partnerships as well as see tips and ideas of appropriate uses of the data and how to parse out the data that you are looking for. For more information regarding the PAD-US dataset please visit, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/. To find more data resources as well as view example analysis performed using PAD-US data visit, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/resources/. The PAD-US dataset and data standard are compiled and maintained by the USGS Gap Analysis Program, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/ . For more information about data standards and how the data are aggregated please review the “Standards and Methods Manual for PAD-US,” https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Purpose:

Purpose: The mission of the USGS Gap Analysis Program (GAP) is providing state, regional and national assessments of the conservation status of native vertebrate species and natural land cover types and facilitating the application of this information to land management activities. The PAD-US geodatabase is required to organize and assess the management status (i.e. apply GAP Status Codes) of elements of biodiversity protection. The goal of GAP is to ‘keep common species common’ by identifying species and plant communities not adequately represented in existing conservation lands. Common species are those not currently threatened with extinction. By identifying their habitats, gap analysis gives land managers and policy makers the information they need to make better-informed decisions when identifying priority areas for conservation. In cooperation with UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre, GAP ensures PAD-US also supports global analyses to inform policy decisions by maintaining World Database for Protected Areas (WDPA) Site Codes and data for International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) categorized protected areas in the United States. GAP seeks to increase the efficiency and accuracy of PAD-US updates by leveraging resources in protected areas data aggregation and maintenance as described in "A Map of the Future", published following the PAD-US Design Project (July, 2009) available at: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/vision/ with updates coming soon. While PAD-US was originally developed to support the GAP Mission stated above, the dataset is robust and has been expanded to support the conservation, recreation and public health communities as well. Additional applications become apparent over time. See the GAP Website https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/resources/ or the companion site http://protectedlands.net/uses for more information.

Supplemental_Information:

As mentioned in the Abstract section of this metadata record, the PAD-US database strives to be a complete “best available” inventory of areas dedicated to the preservation of biological diversity, and other natural, recreational or cultural uses, managed for these purposes through legal or other effective means. This includes both fee ownership of lands as well as management through leases, easements or other binding agreements. The data also tracks designations identified in management plans (i.e. BLM Area of Environmental Concern) or other internal management designations (e.g. Inventoried Roadless Areas). All of these factors provide for a robust yet complex dataset. It is important to have in mind a specific analysis question, when approaching how to work with the data.
As a full inventory of protected areas by name and management designation, aggregated from authoritative source data, PAD-US includes legitimately overlapping designation types and sliver errors. Overlapping designations largely occur in the federal theme of the "fee" or "combined" feature classes (e.g. Wilderness Area over a Wild and Scenic River and National Forest), these are important to note especially when trying to calculate overall area statistics, as these overlaps can count the same area of ground multiple times. Many overlaps may be removed from the federal theme by selecting where "Category" = ‘Designation’. Otherwise a specific data query should be performed or rasterization on a priority field before tallying area from the raw database. Area stats are available from the PAD-US website: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/statistics/. As the PAD-US database is a direct aggregation of source data, the PAD-US development team does not alter the spatial linework in anyway, except to “clip” the data along State boundary lines using the official PAD-US state boundary file provided by Census. For both of these reasons some data silvers occur in the dataset. There are many overlapping edge slivers between source datasets and some slivers that are created by the state boundary file. Major sliver and data overlap errors have been identified and shared with agency data stewards for correction in source files that will then be incorporated in subsequent PAD-US versions over time.
Boundaries containing overlapping federal management designations can be selected using a query of the data where "Category" = Designation. This will select the areas that are management designations, that can either be analyzed by designation type, or removed from the data to reduce overlap. GAP intends to identify additional overlapping designations managed by state and other agencies in the next PAD-US update. GAP conducts separate analyses to summarize area statistics for PAD-US attributes such as: Owner Name, Manager Name, GAP Status Code, IUCN Category, and State Name. GAP also provides select data from PAD-US for the USGS National Map (https://nationalmap.gov/). Contact the PAD-US Coordinator for more information before conducting area related analyses.
IUCN Categorized protected areas are sent following PAD-US updates to global partners managing the North American PAD (http://CEC.org ) and World Database for Protected Areas (WDPA, http://protectedplanet.net ). See the PAD-US Data Standard at: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ or contact the PAD-US Coordinator for more information. The Digital Object Identifier is: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7G73BSZ

Time_Period_of_Content:

Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2005
Ending_Date: 2016

Currentness_Reference: publication date

Status:

Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Annually

Spatial_Domain:

Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.00
East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.00
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 71.311956
South_Bounding_Coordinate: -15.386142

Keywords:

Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: NGDA Portfolio Themes
Theme_Keyword: Protected Area
Theme_Keyword: Land Manager
Theme_Keyword: GAP Status Code
Theme_Keyword: Land Stewardship
Theme_Keyword: Land Ownership
Theme_Keyword: Gap Analysis
Theme_Keyword: Biodiversity
Theme_Keyword: Conservation
Theme_Keyword: Protection Status
Theme_Keyword: IUCN Category
Theme_Keyword: Federal Lands
Theme_Keyword: Public Lands
Theme_Keyword: Outdoor Recreation
Theme_Keyword: Public Health
Theme_Keyword: Public Open Space
Theme_Keyword: Parks
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Theme_Keyword: Bureau of Indian Affairs
Theme_Keyword: Department of Defense
Theme_Keyword: Army Corps of Engineers
Theme_Keyword: Governmental Units
Theme_Keyword: State Lands
Theme_Keyword: Private Lands
Theme_Keyword: Local Government Lands

Theme:

Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Federal Agencies and Programs
Theme_Keyword: Forest Service
Theme_Keyword: Bureau of Land Management
Theme_Keyword: National Park Service
Theme_Keyword: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Theme_Keyword: Natural Resources Conservation Service
Theme_Keyword: Bureau of Reclamation
Theme_Keyword: Tennessee Valley Authority
Theme_Keyword: Department of Energy
Theme_Keyword: Agricultural Research Service

Theme:

Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Thesaurus
Theme_Keyword: Geography
Theme_Keyword: Land Use Change

Theme:

Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: NGDA Portfolio Themes
Theme_Keyword: NGDA
Theme_Keyword: National Geospatial Data Asset
Theme_Keyword: Cadastre Theme

Place:

Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: Alabama (AL)
Place_Keyword: Alaska (AK)
Place_Keyword: Arizona (AZ)
Place_Keyword: Arkansas (AR)
Place_Keyword: California (CA)
Place_Keyword: Colorado (CO)
Place_Keyword: Connecticut (CT)
Place_Keyword: Delaware (DE)
Place_Keyword: Florida (FL)
Place_Keyword: Georgia (GA)
Place_Keyword: Hawaii (HI)
Place_Keyword: Idaho (ID)
Place_Keyword: Illinois (IL)
Place_Keyword: Indiana (IN)
Place_Keyword: Iowa (IA)
Place_Keyword: Kansas (KS)
Place_Keyword: Kentucky (KY)
Place_Keyword: Louisiana (LA)
Place_Keyword: Maine (ME)
Place_Keyword: Maryland (MD)
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts (MA)
Place_Keyword: Michigan (MI)
Place_Keyword: Minnesota (MN)
Place_Keyword: Mississippi (MS)
Place_Keyword: Missouri (MO)
Place_Keyword: Montana (MT)
Place_Keyword: Nebraska (NE)
Place_Keyword: Nevada (NV)
Place_Keyword: New Hampshire (NH)
Place_Keyword: New Jersey (NJ)
Place_Keyword: New Mexico (NM)
Place_Keyword: New York (NY)
Place_Keyword: North Carolina (NC)
Place_Keyword: North Dakota (ND)
Place_Keyword: Ohio (OH)
Place_Keyword: Oklahoma (OK)
Place_Keyword: Oregon (OR)
Place_Keyword: Pennsylvania (PA)
Place_Keyword: Rhode Island (RI)
Place_Keyword: South Carolina (SC)
Place_Keyword: South Dakota (SD)
Place_Keyword: Tennessee (TN)
Place_Keyword: Texas (TX)
Place_Keyword: Utah (UT)
Place_Keyword: Vermont (VT)
Place_Keyword: Virginia (VA)
Place_Keyword: Washington (WA)
Place_Keyword: West Virginia (WV)
Place_Keyword: Wisconsin (WI)
Place_Keyword: Wyoming (WY)
Place_Keyword: American Samoa (AS)
Place_Keyword: Federated States of Micronesia (FM)
Place_Keyword: Mariana Islands (MP)
Place_Keyword: Guam (GU)
Place_Keyword: Marshall Islands (MH)
Place_Keyword: Palau (PW)
Place_Keyword: Puerto Rico (PR)
Place_Keyword: U.S. Minor Outlying Islands (UM)
Place_Keyword: United States Virgin Islands (VI)

Place:

Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Common geographic areas
Place_Keyword: United States

Temporal:

Temporal_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Temporal_Keyword: 2005
Temporal_Keyword: 2006
Temporal_Keyword: 2007
Temporal_Keyword: 2008
Temporal_Keyword: 2009
Temporal_Keyword: 2010
Temporal_Keyword: 2011
Temporal_Keyword: 2012
Temporal_Keyword: 2013
Temporal_Keyword: 2014
Temporal_Keyword: 2015
Temporal_Keyword: 2016

Access_Constraints:

These data are in the public domain.
The PAD-US version 1.4 data was developed using an ESRI ArcGIS version 10 File Geodatabase format. This is done to be able to utilize the expanded data capabilities of the File Geodatabase for overall size, attribute name length, attribute aliases, and coded domain values. To follow open data standards and to make the data available for the broadest audience of data users the data will also be made available for download in shapefile (.shp) and ArcGIS version 9.x file geodatabase formats. https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/download/ Other data formats and data scales not immediately available for download on the PAD-US download website may be obtained by contacting the PAD-US development team. https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/contacts/

Use_Constraints:

It is strongly recommended that these data are directly acquired from the U.S. Geological Survey Gap Analysis Program website and server (https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/ ), and not indirectly through other sources which may have changed the data in some way. It is also strongly recommended that careful attention be paid to the contents of the metadata file associated with these data (https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/metadata/ ). The U.S. Geological Survey and all contributing data partners and aggregators shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and/or contained herein.
All information is created with a specific end use or uses in mind. This is especially true for GIS data, which is expensive to produce and must be directed to meet the immediate program needs. However, these data were created with the expectation that they would be used for other applications; therefore, we list below both appropriate and inappropriate uses. This list is in no way exhaustive but should serve as a guide to assess whether a proposed use can or cannot be supported by these data. For many uses, it is unlikely that PAD-US will provide the only data needed, and for uses with a regulatory outcome, field surveys should verify the result. In the end, it will be the responsibility of each data user to determine if these data can answer the question being asked, and if they are the best tool to answer that question. Contact the PAD-US Coordinator for guidance. While it is impossible to predict all the uses of these data we have listed several possible appropriate and inappropriate uses from GAP’s perspective.
Use constraints:
Appropriate uses of the data: primarily as a coarse map for a large area such as the nation, a region or state (completeness in counties varies) or to provide context for finer-level maps. A general list of possible applications includes:
-National, regional or statewide biodiversity planning, research, management, or policy making
-National, Regional or state habitat conservation planning, research, management, or policy making
-Outdoor recreation planning, research, management or policy making
-Public health planning, research, management or policy making
-County comprehensive planning
-Large-area resource management planning
-Coarse-filter evaluation of potential impacts or benefits of major projects or plan initiatives on biodiversity, such as utility or transportation corridors, wilderness proposals, habitat connectivity proposals, climate change adaption proposals, regional open space and recreation proposals, etc.
-Determining relative amounts of management responsibility for specific biological resources among land stewards to facilitate cooperative management and planning.
-Basic research on regional distributions of plants and animals and to help target both specific species and geographic areas for needed research.
-Environmental impact assessment for large projects or military activities.
-Estimation of potential economic impacts from loss of biological resource-based activities.
-Education at all levels and for both students and citizens.
Inappropriate Uses: It is far easier to identify appropriate uses than inappropriate ones, however, there is a "fuzzy line" that is eventually crossed when the differences in resolution of the data, size of geographic area being analyzed, and precision of the answer required for the question are no longer compatible. Examples include:
-Using the data to map small areas (less than thousands of hectares), typically requiring mapping resolution at 1:24,000 scale and using aerial photographs or ground surveys in areas where data are incomplete.
-Combining these data with other data finer than 1:100,000 scale to produce new hybrid maps or answer queries.
-Generating specific areal measurements from the data finer than the nearest thousand hectares
-Establishing exact boundaries for regulation or acquisition.
-Establishing definite occurrence or non-occurrence of any feature for an exact geographic area
-Determining abundance, health, or condition of any feature.
-Establishing a measure of accuracy of any other data by comparison with GAP data.
-Altering the data in any way and redistributing them as a GAP data product.
-Using the data without acquiring and reviewing the metadata.

Point_of_Contact:

Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Lisa Johnson
Contact_Organization: USGS Gap Analysis Program – Boise State University Cooperator

Contact_Position: PAD-US Coordinator
Contact_Address:

Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 1910 University Drive – MS 1935
City: Boise
State_or_Province: Idaho
Postal_Code: 83725
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: 208-874-3102
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 208-426-4370
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: LisajJohnson@boisestate.edu
Hours_of_Service: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm MST, M-F

Data_Set_Credit:

US Geological Survey, Gap Analysis Program (GAP). May 2016. Protected Areas Database of the United States (PADUS), version 1.4 Combined Feature Class

Native_Data_Set_Environment:

Environment as of Metadata Creation: Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7600) ; Esri ArcGIS 10.2.2 (Build 3552) Service Pack N/A (Build N/A)

Cross_Reference:

Citation_Information:
Originator: USGS National Gap Analysis Program
Publication_Date: 20160505
Title: Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US)
Online_Linkage: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/PADUS
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:

No formal attribute accuracy tests were conducted. Federal data providers reviewed the translation of their spatial data files into the PAD-US schema. PAD-US State Data Stewards and NGO partners provided an estimate of inventory completeness. See http://protectedlands.net/partners for completeness maps.

Logical_Consistency_Report:

No formal logical accuracy tests were conducted.
Major sliver and data overlap errors have been identified and shared with agency data stewards for correction in source files that will then be incorporated in subsequent PAD-US versions over time.

Completeness_Report:

Data set is considered complete for the information presented, as described in the abstract. Users are advised to read the rest of the metadata record carefully for additional details.
This PAD-US Version 1.4 dataset includes a variety of updates from the previous version 1.3 dataset. The following list includes the major updates.
1) Complete update of federal lands theme including the following agencies: Bureau of Land Management (BLM), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), National Park Service (NPS), Forest Service (USFS), Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Department of Defense (DOD), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). Bureau of Reclamation (USBR), Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Department of Energy (DOE), and Agricultural Research Service (ARS) land were transferred from PAD-US 1.3 as best available nationally aggregated data.
The federal lands update was developed in collaboration with the FGDC Federal Lands Working Group (https://cms.geoplatform.gov/a16govunits/FederalLands) including lands administered under fee title (e.g. National Forest, National Park, National Wildlife Refuge), congressional designations (e.g. Wilderness, Wild and Scenic River), Presidential proclamations (e.g. National Monuments), administrative protected areas (e.g. BLM ACECs) and conservation easements. Proclamation boundaries are available but are not integrated into PAD-US to reduce overlaps. Documentation tracking the translation of source data into the PAD-US schema is available; contact the PAD-US website or PAD-US Coordinator for more information.
2) 20 PAD-US State Data Steward Network updates to state, local government and / or private protected areas in: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wyoming). Information regarding state stewards at: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/stewards/ and http://protectedlands.net/partners.
3) New local government (i.e. county, city) protected areas in 13 states across the country, aggregated by the Trust for Public Land (TPL, http://tpl.org ) for their Conservation Almanac that tracks the conservation finance movement across the country.
4) TNC Lands, national update of lands owned or managed by The Nature Conservancy (TNC, http://maps.tnc.org ).
5) Miscellaneous edits (e.g. Wisconsin County Forests).
6) Integration of non-sensitive easements, suitable for publication in the public domain, from the National Conservation Easement Database (NCED, http://conservationeasement.us ) provided by NCED Partners (Duck’s Unlimited and TPL).
7) National Marine Protected Areas (MPA) from the NOAA MPA Inventory identified as "member" or "eligible" by NOAA for the National System of Marine Protected Areas (MPA, https://marineprotectedareas.noaa.gov ).
8) Categorical conservation measures assignment reviews by NPS, FWS, BLM, USFS, NOAA.
9) Significantly revised "Designation Type" standard including several new domains. See the GAP Website to download the PAD-US Data Standard for more details (https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ ).
10) New "Manager Type" and "Manager Name" fields to complement "Owner Name", "Owner Type" and source data (i.e. Local Owner, Local Manager), populated by an Agency Name standard reviewed by the FGDC Federal Lands Working Group.
11) Additional "Date of Establishment" (DOE) records to track the year an area was designated or otherwise protected, provided by PAD-US State Data Stewards and federal partners. This field is not fully attributed; please contact the PAD-US Coordinator to provide additional dates.
12) Additional "Public Access" reviews by select PAD-US Data Stewards and federal partners. Access generally describes (i.e. Open, Closed, Restricted, Unknown) the public’s access to protected areas as defined by data stewards for particular units or categorical assignments by Designation Type.
13) The transfer of locally reviewed GAP Status Codes, IUCN Categories, Public Access and DOE from PAD-US version 1.3.
See the PAD-US companion site (https://protectedlands.net ) for maps of capacity and data completeness by state. Significant improvements to the local government theme are under way in partnership with the Trust for Public Land (TPL).

Positional_Accuracy:

Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:

A formal accuracy assessment of the horizontal positional information in the data set has not been conducted.

Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:

Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:

A formal accuracy assessment of the vertical positional information in the data set has either not been conducted, or is not applicable.

Lineage:

Process_Step:
Process_Description:

Compilation and aggregation of the PAD-US database is a complicated and lengthy process, the final database includes data from thousands of data sources and many data aggregators. Data development and aggregation are an ongoing and evolving process. The data schema and development standards have changed with each version to better reflect source data as well as analysis needs; the database also strives to maintain a complete set of both standardized as well as local attributes and source data types, to ensure a complete raw database that can be used for a variety of application and analysis. The PAD-US development team works closely with a large variety of stakeholders including development partners, data sources, and data users to develop and maintain the "Standards and Methods Manual for PAD-US document, available online, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ with updates regarding PAD-US 1.4 expected late 2016. The standards document outlines the data type, format and schema required for all source datasets, it also includes a checklist of the major components that each source file needs to contain. The PAD-US development team uses a Python script to generate a QA/QC report based on the items on this checklist, that is run each time a source file is submitted, this way the PAD-US team can work with sources to ensure that data submissions meet data standards. Subsequent process steps will outline the general workflow and processes used to compile each major component of the final database.

Process_Date: Unknown

Process_Step:

Process_Description:

The USGS Gap Analysis Program and PAD-US development team have worked to create a “State Data Steward” network with a major data contact in each state that can provide a data update of state, local, NGO, and Private Lands within their respective state. More information about the “State Data Steward Network” can be found on the PAD-US website, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/stewards/ as well as the PAD-US companion site (https://protectedlands.net/partners ) that includes maps of data management capacity, estimated inventory completeness and a table of contacts by state.

Process_Date: Unknown

Process_Step:

Process_Description:

The individual state files are combined together and then incorporated into datasets that the PAD-US development team compiles at a national scale. These include all federal lands that are aggregated through the FGDC Federal Lands Working Group (https://www.fgdc.gov/participation/working-groups-subcommittees/cadastral/fed-lands-wg-membership, transitioning to https://cms.geoplatform.gov/a16govunits/FederalLands). The working group contains representatives from the federal agencies that either provided data directly or worked together to designate an authoritative best available source of their agency data. This update included lands for the following agencies: Bureau of Land Management (BLM), U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS), National Park Service (NPS), Forest Service (USFS), Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Department of Defense (DOD), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). Bureau of Reclamation (USBR), Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Department of Energy (DOE), and Agricultural Research Service (ARS) land were transferred from PAD-US 1.3 as best available nationally aggregated data.
Other nationally aggregated data files include easements from the National Conservation Easement Database (NCED), a national update of Nature Conservancy Lands (TNC), and a 13 state update of local government lands new to PAD-US from The Trust for Public Land (TPL) as a method to complete the inventory .

Process_Date: Unknown

Process_Step:

Process_Description:

After datasets are submitted to the PAD-US team they are reconciled with previous versions of PAD-US to transfer any locally assigned GAP Status Codes, IUCN Categories, Access, and Date of Establishment values, that weren’t assigned or updated in the data update. After transferring these locally assigned values, the remaining GAP Status, IUCN Categories, and Access values that weren’t locally assigned in the data update are then categorically assigned using a Python script based on the categorical assignment tables in the PAD-US standards manual. The PAD-US team also reconciles, incorporates, and maintains the WDPA ID, needed to submit data to the World Database for Protected Areas.

Process_Date: Unknown

Process_Step:

Process_Description:

After compiling all data together the data is checked for completeness of required attributes and that all domains and standardized field attributes are completely assigned. In the absence of other information (e.g. local assignment or review) of "GAP Status Code", "IUCN Category" and "Public Access" are assigned categorically based on "Designation Type" as described in tables in the standards manual.

Process_Date: Unknown

Process_Step:

Process_Description:

Once all attributes are assigned a final QA/QC is run on the completed database. Then the data is submitted to the United States Geological Survey (USGS) for official data review and publication.

Process_Date: Unknown

Process_Step:

Process_Description:

After official USGS data publication, the data is made available for download from the PAD-US website, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/download/ , in various scales and data formats. The data is available in ESRI File Geodatabase format, both versions 9.x and 10.x as well as shapefile format. It is also available for download by state, region, and Landscape Conservation Cooperative Unit scales. The PAD-US data download page also includes linkage to access Web Mapping Services (WMS) that can be consumed and incorporated into outside mapping programs and other web applications.

Process_Date: Unknown

Process_Step:

Process_Description:

USGS GAP creates analysis files to be used to support GAP’s overall mission and other data analysis projects. The data is also provided to other national and international data partners. IUCN Categorized protected areas are sent following PAD-US updates to global partners managing the North American PAD (http://CEC.org ) and World Database for Protected Areas (WDPA, http://protectedplanet.net ).

Process_Date: Unknown

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 642931
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Albers Conical Equal Area
Albers_Conical_Equal_Area:
Standard_Parallel: 29.500000
Standard_Parallel: 45.500000
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -96.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 23.000000
False_Easting: 0.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000

Planar_Coordinate_Information:

Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000100
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000100

Planar_Distance_Units: meters

Geodetic_Model:

Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:

Altitude_System_Definition:
Altitude_Datum_Name: None
Altitude_Resolution: 1.000000
Altitude_Distance_Units: None
Altitude_Encoding_Method:

Explicit elevation coordinate included with horizontal coordinates
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: PADUS1_4
Entity_Type_Definition:

PAD-US Standards Manual available from GAP Website (https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/) or PAD-US Coordinator. PAD-US 1.4 update expected late 2016. For full domain descriptions and domain code values see corresponding tables in the PAD-US Standards manual.

Entity_Type_Definition_Source: PAD-US Development Team

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: OBJECTID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:

Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Category
Attribute_Definition:

General category for the protection mechanism associated with the protected area. ‘Fee’ is the most common way real estate is owned. A conservation ‘easement’ creates a legally enforceable land preservation agreement between a landowner and government agency or qualified land protection organization (i.e. land trust). ‘Other’ types of protection include leases, agreements or those over marine waters. ‘Designation’ is applied to designations in the federal theme not tied to title documents (e.g. National Monument, Wild and Scenic River). These may be removed to reduce overlaps for area based analyses.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Category
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Own_Type
Attribute_Definition:

General land owner description (e.g. Federal, Tribal, State, Private) standardized for the US. See PAD-US Data Standard for "Agency Name" to "Agency Type" crosswalk or geodatabase look up table for full domain descriptions. Use "Manager Type" for the best depiction of federal lands as many overlapping designations (i.e. "Designation") and ownership related data gaps (i.e. "Unknown") occur in the federal theme.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Own_Type
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Own_Name
Attribute_Definition:

Land owner or holding agency (e.g. USFS, State Fish and Game, City Land, TNC) standardized for the US. See PAD-US Data Standard or geodatabase look up table for "Agency Name" for full domain descriptions . Use "Manager Name" for the best depiction of federal lands as many overlapping designations (i.e. "Designation") and ownership related data gaps (i.e. "Unknown") occur in the federal theme.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Own_Name
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Loc_Own
Attribute_Definition:

The name of the land owner as provided by the data source or "Local Owner", to complement the standardized "Owner Name" field (e.g. ‘State Fish and Wildlife’ is a standard ‘Owner Name’, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife is a ‘Local Owner’). Null values indicate data gaps in source files.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Loc_Own
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Mang_Type
Attribute_Definition:

General land manager description (e.g. Federal, Tribal, State, Private) standardized for the US. See PAD-US Data Standard for "Agency Name" to "Agency Type" crosswalk or geodatabase look up table for full domain descriptions. Use "Manager Type" for the most complete depiction of federal lands as overlapping designations (i.e. "Designation") and ownership related data gaps (i.e. "Unknown") occur in the federal theme.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Mang_Type
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Mang_Name
Attribute_Definition:

Land manager or administrative agency (e.g. USFS, State Fish and Game, City Land, TNC) standardized for the US. See PAD-US Data Standard or geodatabase look up table for "Agency Name" for full domain descriptions. Use "Manager Name" for the best depiction of federal lands as many overlapping designations (i.e. "Designation") and ownership related data gaps (i.e. "Unknown") occur in the federal theme. GAP attributes the applicable "Agency Name" to all records provided by the agency data steward in the "Manager Name" field. "Owner Name" contains ‘unknown’ values where parcel level ownership data are not yet available from authoritative data sources.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Mang_Name
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Loc_Manag
Attribute_Definition:

The name of the land manager as provided by the data source or "Local Manager", to complement the standardized "Manager Name" field (e.g. ‘State Fish and Wildlife’ is a standard ‘Manager Name’, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife is a ‘Local Manager’). Null values indicate data gaps in source files.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Loc_Manag
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Des_Tp
Attribute_Definition:

The unit’s land management description or designation, standardized for nation (e.g. Area of Critical Environmental Concern, Wilderness Area, State Park, Local Rec Area, Conservation Easement). See the PAD-US Data Standard for a crosswalk of "Designation Type" from source data files or the geodatabase look up table for "Designation Type" for domain descriptions. "Designation Type" supports PAD-US queries and categorical conservation measures or public access assignments in the absence of other information.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Des_Tp
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Loc_Ds
Attribute_Definition:

The unit’s land management description or designation as provided by data source. "Local Designation" is not standardized and complements "Designation Type", null values indicate data gaps in source files.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Loc_Ds
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Des_Nm
Attribute_Definition:

The name of protected area following the PAD-US Standard (i.e. full name including designation type to Proper Case without acronyms, special characters, space or return errors). As null values are not permitted in this standardized field, categorical assignments are made from "Manager Name" when data gaps occur in source files.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Des_Nm
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Loc_Nm
Attribute_Definition:

The name of the protected area as provided by the data source; "Local Name" is not standardized. This field may include designations, different formats, spelling errors, unit or area identifiers unique to parcels; however, it links directly to source data files

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Loc_Nm
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: State_Nm
Attribute_Definition:

Name of state or territory spelled out in Proper Case. See domain descriptions in PAD-US Standards Manual or geodatabase look up table for details.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: State_Nm
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Agg_Src
Attribute_Definition:

"Aggregator Source" identifies the organization credited with data aggregation, PAD-US publication and name of aggregated data set or file. Attributed in the format ‘organization name_PADUSversion_filename.filetype’ (e.g. TNC_PADUS1_4_SecuredAreas2008.shp). Use acronym or replace spaces with underscore. A data aggregator submits data in the PAD-US schema according to standards and/or aggregates regional or national datasets with required fields for PAD-US translation

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Agg_Src
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: GIS_Src
Attribute_Definition:

The source of spatial data the aggregator obtained (e.g. WYGF_whmas08.shp) for each record. Files names match original source data to increase update efficiency.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: GIS_Src
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Src_Date
Attribute_Definition:

: The date (yyyy/mm/dd) GIS data was published or obtained (in the case of infrequently updated files) by the data aggregator. If month or day is unknown date is yyyy/00/00.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Src_Date
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: GIS_Acres
Attribute_Definition:

Acres calculated for each polygon converted from the Shape_Area Field

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: GIS_Acres
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: GAP_Sts
Attribute_Definition:

The GAP Status Code is a measure of management intent to conserve biodiversity defined as: Status 1: An area having permanent protection from conversion of natural land cover and a mandated management plan in operation to maintain a natural state within which disturbance events (of natural type, frequency, intensity, and legacy) are allowed to proceed without interference or are mimicked through management. Status 2: An area having permanent protection from conversion of natural land cover and a mandated management plan in operation to maintain a primarily natural state, but which may receive uses or management practices that degrade the quality of existing natural communities, including suppression of natural disturbance. Status 3: An area having permanent protection from conversion of natural land cover for the majority of the area, but subject to extractive uses of either a broad, low-intensity type (e.g., logging, OHV recreation) or localized intense type (e.g., mining). It also confers protection to federally listed endangered and threatened species throughout the area. Status 4: There are no known public or private institutional mandates or legally recognized easements or deed restrictions held by the managing entity to prevent conversion of natural habitat types to anthropogenic habitat types. The area generally allows conversion to unnatural land cover throughout or management intent is unknown. See the PAD-US Standards Manual for a summary of methods or the geodatabase look up table for short descriptions.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: GAP_Sts
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: GAPCdSrc
Attribute_Definition:

An acronym to describe the organization(s) that applied Gap Status Code to the polygon. This field also describes the methods used for assigning GAP Status as follows: ‘GAP – Default’ is assigned when GAP’s categorical assignment of status has been applied, without more detailed review or inquiry. ‘GAP’ is assigned when standard methods (management plan reviewed and/or land manager interviewed to assign GAP Status to a protected area) apply as provided above. ‘GAP – other organization’ (e.g. GAP – NPS) applies when the measure is assigned in partnership with GAP, including review. When another organization applied GAP Status according to their methods then ‘other organization’ (e.g. TNC) is assigned. See the PAD-US Standards Manual for more information.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: GAPCdSrc
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: GAPCdDt
Attribute_Definition:

The most current Year (yyyy) the GAP Status Code was assigned to the polygon.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: GAPCdDt
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: IUCN_Cat
Attribute_Definition:

International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) management categories assigned to protected areas for inclusion in the UNEP- World Conservation Monitoring Center’s (WCMC) World Database for Protected Areas (WDPA) and the Commission for Environmental Cooperation’s (CEC) North American Terrestrial Protected Areas Database. IUCN defines a protected area as, "A clearly defined geographical space, recognized, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values" (includes GAP Status Code 1 and 2 only). Categorization follows as: Category Ia: Strict Nature Reserves are strictly protected areas set aside to protect biodiversity and also possibly geological / geomorphological features, where human visitation, use and impacts are strictly controlled and limited to ensure preservation of the conservation values. Such protected areas can serve as indispensable reference areas for scientific research and monitoring. Category Ib: Wilderness Areas are protected areas are usually large unmodified or slightly modified areas, retaining their natural character and influence, without permanent or significant human habitation, which are protected and managed so as to preserve their natural condition. Category II: National Park protected areas are large natural or near natural areas set aside to protect large-scale ecological processes, along with the complement of species and ecosystems characteristic of the area, which also provide a foundation for environmentally and culturally compatible spiritual, scientific, educational, recreational and visitor opportunities. Category III: Natural Monument or Feature protected areas are set aside to protect a specific natural monument, which can be a land form, sea mount, submarine caverns, geological feature such as caves or even a living feature such as an ancient grove. They are generally quite small protected areas and often have high visitor value. Category IV: Habitat/species management protected areas aim to protect particular species or habitats and management reflects this priority. Many category IV protected areas will need regular, active interventions to address the requirements of particular species or to maintain habitats, but this is not a requirement of this category. Category V: Protected landscape/seascape protected areas occur where the interaction of people and nature over time has produced an area of distinct character with significant ecological, biological, cultural and scenic value. Category VI: Protected area with sustainable use (community based, non industrial) of natural resources are generally large, with much of the area in a more-or-less natural condition and whereas a proportion is under sustainable natural resource management and where such exploitation is seen as one of the main aims of the area. "Other Conservation Areas" are not recognized by IUCN at this time; however, they are included in the CEC’s database referenced above. These areas (includes GAP Status Code 3 only)are included in the IUCN Category Domain along with "Unassigned" areas (includes GAP Status Code 4) and "Not Reported" areas that meet the definition of IUCN protection (i.e. GAP Status Code 1 or 2) but where IUCN Category has not yet been assigned and categorical assignment is not appropriate. See the PAD-US Standards Manual for a summary of methods.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: IUCN_Cat
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: IUCNCtSrc
Attribute_Definition:

An acronym to describe the organization(s) that applied IUCN Category to the polygon. This field also describes the methods used for assigning IUCN Category as follows: ‘GAP – Default’ is assigned when GAP’s categorical assignment of status has been applied, without additional review. ‘GAP – other organization’ (e.g. GAP – NPS) applies when the measure is assigned in partnership with GAP, including review. When another organization applies IUCN Category according to their methods then ‘other organization’ (e.g. TNC) is assigned. See the PAD-US Standards Manual for more information.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: IUCNCtSrc
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: IUCNCtDt
Attribute_Definition:

The most current Year (yyyy) the IUCN Category was assigned to the polygon.

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: IUCNCtDt
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Access
Attribute_Definition:

Level of public access permitted. Open requires no special requirements for public access to the property (may include regular hours available); Restricted requires a special permit from the owner for access, a registration permit on public land or has highly variable times when open to use; Closed occurs where no public access allowed (land bank property, special ecological study areas, military bases, etc. Unknown is assigned where information is not currently available. Access is assigned categorically by Designation Type or provided by PAD-US State Data Stewards, federal or NGO partners. Contact the PAD-US Coordinator with available public access information

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Access
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Access_Src
Attribute_Definition:

Documents the Source of Access domain assignment (e.g. State Data Steward or ‘GAP Default’ categorical assignment).

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Access_Src
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Date_Est
Attribute_Definition:

The Year (yyyy) the protected area was designated, decreed or otherwise established. Date is assigned to each unit by name, without event status(e.g. Yellowstone National Park: 1872, Frank Church-River of No Return Wilderness Area: 1980)

Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Date_Est
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Comments
Attribute_Definition: Comments from either the original data source or aggregator.
Attribute_Definition_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute_Domain_Values:

Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Comments
Codeset_Source:

See PAD-US Standards Manual Document, https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/standards/ .

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Shape_Length
Attribute_Definition: Length of feature in internal units.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.

Attribute:

Attribute_Label: Shape_Area
Attribute_Definition: Area of feature in internal units squared.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey – ScienceBase

Contact_Address:

Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Denver Federal Center,
Address: Building 810, Mail Stop 302
City: Denver
State_or_Province: Colorado
Postal_Code: 80225
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: 1-888- 275-8747
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sciencebase@usgs.gov

Resource_Description:

Download or view data from: USGS Gap Analysis Program website (https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/data/)

Distribution_Liability:

Unless otherwise stated, all data, metadata and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. Although these data and associated metadata have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness and approved for release by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty.

This database, identified as PAD-US version 1.4, has been approved for release by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Although this database has been subjected to rigorous review and is substantially complete, the USGS reserves the right to revise the data pursuant to further analysis and review. Furthermore, the database is released on condition that neither the USGS nor the U.S. Government shall be held liable for any damages resulting from its authorized or unauthorized use.

Standard_Order_Process:

Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: The File downloads in a .zip format

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://doi.org/10.5066/F7G73BSZ
Network_Resource_Name: https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/PADUS
Network_Resource_Name:

A Variety of web mapping services are available to accompany the data and to help visualize the data in many ways. These Services can be viewed through the PAD-US Online Map Viewer (https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/padus/viewer/) or can be accessed and consumed by other web mapping applications using the links provided here:(https://gapanalysis.usgs.gov/data/web-services/)

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – All Protected Areas web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial and marine protected areas in green for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (marine and terrestrial areas) ,

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Terrestrial Protected Areas – Gray web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Terrestrial Protected Areas – Green web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in green for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Easements web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Voluntarily provided conservation easements for general view, from NCED Use this to view lands classified as having conservation easements (mostly
private land), from NCED (non sensitive only, suitable for distribution in public domain).

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Fee, Easement, Other, MPA web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of The protection mechanism category including fee simple, easements, leases and agreements or Marine Protected Areas. Use this to describe all types of land tenure for all protected areas, including ocean areas.

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Fee, Easement, Other web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of The protection mechanism category including fee simple, easements, leases and agreements. Use this to see what lands are owned outright compared to
those conserved by easements (and other or unknown status lands) .

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Public Open Space web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Public open space managed by federal, state or local gov agencies. Use to show all terrestrial parks and open space areas, plus some coastal offshore protected areas,

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Public and Private Open Space web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Public Access web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – General Agency Level web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Mid Agency Level web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Fine Agency Level web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Federal Management Agencies web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Federal, Tribal, Other web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – DOI, Other Federal, Tribal web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Simple Designation Type web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Detailed Designation Type web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Protected Areas by Manager web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Protected Biodiversity Areas web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – Protected Multiple Use Areas web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – GAP Status Code web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: PAD-US 1.4 – IUCN Category web service:
Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Digital_Form:

Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name:

PAD-US 1.4 – IUCN Category and Other Conservation Areas web service:

Format_Version_Number: ArcGIS Map Services
Format_Specification: https://www.geoplatform.gov/spec/esri-map-rest
Format_Information_Content:

An ArcGIS Map Service of Terrestrial protected areas in gray for general view or backdrop Use this as a general background under other thematic map layers (land areas only),

Digital_Transfer_Option:

Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:

Fees: None. No fees are applicable for obtaining the data set.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20160311
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mason Croft
Contact_Organization: USGS Gap Analysis Program – Boise State University Cooperator

Contact_Position: PAD-US Technical Specialist
Contact_Address:

Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Boise State University
Address: 1910 University Drive – MS 1935
City: Boise
State_or_Province: Idaho
Postal_Code: 83725
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: 208-301-8288
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: masoncroft@boisestate.edu
Hours_of_Service: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm MST

Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time